TRATTORIA CORIOLANO opened in Ancona street on 29th March 1935, on two-door premises, in a building of the time of Umberto I erected by the Roman Institute of Real Estate at the end of the Nineteenth Century.
Ancona street connects two important reference points of the area: Principe di Napoli’s Square, today Alessandria Square, and Porta Pia.
At Alessandria Square there is a market, that also dates back to the time of Umberto I, enriched with wonderful wrought iron doors with gables decorated with the Capitoline she-wolf and Sabine women’s heads. It is not only a place where you can find wholesome products, but it is a real “piazza” considered as a meeting place to socialize and as a historical memory of this area.
Porta Pia is one of Rome’s gates in the Aurelian walls; it was built by Michelangelo Buonarroti on behalf of Pope Pius IV, after whom it is called Porta Pia.
The decorations made by Michelangelo on the Gate remind of a bowl with a towel around it and a soap in the middle. People say it was one of the artist’s jokes to Pope Pius IV, who boasted of being descended from the high-ranking Florentine Medicis, whereas he belonged to a Lombard family of barbers.
It is famous, above all, for the Risorgimento episode known as the Porta Pia breach, during which, on 20th September 1870 the troops of the Kingdom of Italy, mainly “bersaglieri” and infantry, clashed with the Vatican ones. This episode marked the end of the Papal States’ temporal power, after more than a thousand years, with the annexation of Rome to Italy.
Camillo Benso, Earl of Cavour, delivered his speech to the Italian Parliament on 11th October 1860.
“Our aim, Sirs, I plainly declare, is to make the Eternal City, which has obtained any kind of glory for 25 centuries, become the magnificent capital of the Kingdom of Italy”.
Inside the Gate, what was the customs house once is the Historical Museum of “Bersaglieri” today.
In 1873 a new town-planning scheme was launched owing to the proclamation of Rome as capital of the Kingdom of Italy. It provided for the urban adjustment the city that was going to contain the most important administrative buildings of the Country.
Thus, during the time of Umberto I Rome grew and the present seat of the Ministry of Public Works and Transport, the Ministry of Finance and the Italian Railways appeared round Porta Pia. The new quarter has an urban structure in echelon formation and the buildings, planned to be grand with their façades referring to late Renaissance, have small balconies as a tribute to Turin, the city of origin of the Savoia family.
In this context restaurant TRATTORIA CORIOLANO opened as a typical Roman retail, licensed to supply and sell food and drinks.
Immediately after the war the two doors of the premises were separated and the licence was divided: one door had the selling licence, the other, at the street number 14, was licensed to supply food and drinks. The place was completely renewed and today it appears with the same structure it had at that time.